Did the Allies Deal Fairly With The Germans During And After WW2?
------------------------His best estimate is that some three million Germans, military and civilians, died unnecessarily after the official end of hostilities.....Most of the two million German civilians who perished after the end of the war were women, children and elderly -- victims of disease, cold, hunger, suicide, and mass murder.....perhaps the most shocking outrage recorded by MacDonogh is the slaughter of a quarter of a million Sudeten Germans by their vengeful Czech compatriots......We are ceaselessly reminded of the Third Reich’s wartime concentration camps. But few Americans are aware that such infamous camps as Dachau, Buchenwald, Sachsenhausen and Auschwitz stayed in business after the end of the war, only now packed with German captives, many of whom perished miserably.
From After the Reich: The Brutal History of Allied Occupation by Giles MacDonogh
Between 1941 and 1950 around one and a half to two million German prisoners of war died, whilst a further five million seven hundred thousand German civilians died between 1946 and 1950, largely, Bacque maintains, as a result of Allied policy. In all Bacques estimates that between nine and half and fourteen million ethnic Germans, German prisoners of war and civilians were to die in these iniquities. Part of the blame for this can be laid at the feet of Josef Stalin who, through his propaganda minister, Ilya Ehrenburg, actually encouraged the rape and degradation of the German civilian population.
Crimes and Mercies: The Fate of German Civilians Under Allied Occupation, 1944-1950
by JAMES BACQUE
Probably the one question most frequently asked by people who express an interest in revisionism is: "Do you have any proof that Germans were tortured in order to extract confessions?"
It has been my experience to discover that even non-revisionist authors often pose this question as well, usually seeking to discredit the revisionist viewpoint. Due to the cloak of secrecy shrouding the allies use of torture, subterfuge, and intimidation, it has been quite difficult to document their record of abuse.
Nevertheless, over the years a number of able historians have done an admirable job in exposing the facts relating to the shocking use of torture by the allies. Admittedly, documentation is often difficult to obtain, due to the fact that the allied "interrogators" generally covered their tracks well, yet the persistence of historians and researchers interested in the truth has begun to pay off. The information which follows was culled from a variety of sources which should be easily accessible to parties interested in further research. Precisely because the documentation has been so scarce, a reconstruction of events will be necessary to prepare a proper foundation for argumentation, as the larger picture at this point is more important than the details. However, as the reader shall soon discover, details shall not be lacking.
More than nine million Germans died as a result of Allied starvation and expulsion policies in the first five years after the Second World War -a total far in excess of the figures actually reported. That these deaths occurred at all is still being concealed and denied, especially by Western governments.
If I were to point to one particular event which to my mind signaled the allies policy in regard to treatment of the vanquished, I would designate the meeting of the so-called "Big Three" at Teheran in 1943. As described by both Churchill and Elliott Roosevelt in their memoirs, "Stalin rose and proposed a blood-curdling toast. The strength of the German army depended, he said, upon fifty thousand high officers and technicians. His toast was a salute to shooting them, "as fast as we can, all of them." Churchill was horrified. Quick as a flash, he was on his feet; his face and neck were red, says Elliott Roosevelt, who was present. He announced that British conceptions of law and justice would never tolerate such butchery. Into this breach stepped President Roosevelt. He had a compromise to suggest. Instead of executing fifty thousand, perhaps "we should settle on a smaller number. Shall we say 49,500?" All the Russians at the table roared with laughter. So did the Americans, who were obliged to show proper appreciation for their chief’s "humor." Churchill left the table."
Undoubtedly, the President’s little grim "joke" was a source of great amusement for the Soviets, who were still laughing over the 14,000 Polish officers they had slain at Katyn, Miedjoye, and Kharkov Forest. Later, one of President Roosevelt’s interpreters said of his emaciated, crippled chief: "He looked sick, he acted sick, and he talked sick."
Lest anyone think that the President’s remark was made in jest, consider that less than one year later he was willing to ratify the notorious "Morgenthau Plan" , had it not been for the adamant objections of his Secretary of War, Henry Stimson.
Stalin's attitude to the prisoners of war,who would supply a vast pool of slave labor for reparations after the war, was very casual. When asked later by Harry Hopkins, special assistant to Roosevelt, what he was doing with the prisoners Russia had taken, he said vaguely that he thought they were being made to work
In order to fully appreciate the attitude of the allies in regard to the treatment meted out to the defeated Germans, a brief review of events would be in order. To those who might object that the allies were too "civilized" to employ third degree methods on captured German officers to extract damning "confessions", I believe that certain criteria should first be investigated , presented, and addressed, namely:
1. How did the allies treat non-combatants? How were Germans treated who had nothing to do with the waging of the war? What was the allies policy in regard to women, the elderly, and in particular, German children?
2. How were German prisoners of war treated? Specifically, members of the Wehrmacht, Luftwaffe, etc. against whom no criminal charges had been preferred?
If the allies treated the defeated Germans with justice and equity, and can be proven so by documentation and the actual historical record, then the allegation that German POW’s were tortured and mistreated falls flat on it’s face.
THE ROOTS OF THE AMERICAN ATTITUDE TOWARDS GERMANS
by JAMES BACQUE
Western planning for vengeance against Germans and for the destruction of Germany began in England in August 1944, with its chief architects Morgenthau and Dwight D. Eisenhower. The birth of the plan was witnessed by one of Morgenthau's aides, Fred Smith, who wrote: On August 7, 1944 at approximately 12:35 .in a tent in southern England, the Morgenthau Plan was born. Actually, it was General Dwight D. Eisenhower who launched the project.. .
The subject first came up at lunch in General Eisenhower's mess tent. Secretary Morgenthau, Assistant to the Secretary Harry D. White and I were there. White spoke of Germany,which was now certain to be defeated . . . White said, 'What I think is that we should give the entire German economy an opportunity to settle down before we do anything about it.' Here Eisenhower became grim and made the statement that actually sparked the German hardship plan. [Smith notes here that 'This material is taken from notes made directly after the meeting.'] He said: 'I am not interested in the German economy and personally would not like to bolster it if that will make it any easier for the Germans.' He said he thought the Germans had punishment coming to them: The ringleaders and the SS troops should be given the death penalty without question, but punishment should not end there.
'He felt the people [emphasis in the original] were guilty of supporting the regime and that made them a party to the entire German project, and he personally would like to 'see things made good and hard for them for a while'. He pointed out that talk of letting Germany off easy after taking care of the top people came from those who feared Russia and wanted to strengthen Germany as a potential bulwark against any desires Russia might someday have . . .The General declared he saw no purpose in treating a 'paranoid' gently, and the 'whole German population is a synthetic paranoid. All their life the people have been taught to be paranoid in their actions and thoughts, and they have to be snapped out of it. The only way to do that is to be good and hard on them. I certainly see no point in bolstering their economy or taking any other steps to help them.' White remarked: 'We may want to quote you on the problem of handling the German people.'Eisenhower replied that he could be quoted. He said: 'I will tell the President myself, if necessary.'
The allies were particularly sensitive concerning the shooting of 50 allied fliers who had escaped from the Sagan POW camp in 1944. From the German point of view, many of these fliers were warned that should they attempt any more escapes, they would be shot. Aside from that, many of the escapees were caught in civilian clothes or else in German uniforms, thus leading the German authorities to conclude that they were spies. When one reflects on the fact that members of Otto Skorzeny’s commando group, which infiltrated American lines during the battle of the Bulge, were also shot upon capture even though they were wearing German uniforms under the American gear, then the shooting of the 50 terror fliers loses some of it’s punch. Nevertheless, German officers were executed for this "crime" while the allied crime of shooting the German "spies" went unpunished.
The shooting of Americans at Malmedy was given the widest publicity, and those German units which participated in this battle were all brought before the allied inquisition, notwithstanding the fact that the allies had, in one incident shot down members of the Waffen SS in France in cold blood, and not one of the responsible parties was ever brought to justice.
At Dachau, American soldiers lined German guards up against a wall and shot them down without mercy. The Americans also allowed crazed inmates of the camp to savagely murder other guards who were stationed there. Often these victims were simply Wehrmacht officers who were left to guard the camp after the SS personnel absconded.
When the allied armies first entered German territory, did the victorious "champions of democracy" comport themselves with dignity and honor? Let the reader be the judge. What follows is just an excerpt from volumes of documents relating to the rampaging allied troops as they plundered, raped, and stole from the defenseless German population. The one crime most often committed by allied forces against German civilians in all sectors was forcible, violent rape, which is evidenced by a selection of the following reports. Few of the offenders were ever punished for this crime against women and children.
According to the publication "The U.S. Army in the Occupation of Germany":
"Of all the crimes committed by U.S. troops, the best....documented was rape, and it showed a "spiral increase" in the closing months of the war. Between July 1942 and October 1945, 904 rape cases were charged in the European theater, 552 of them in Germany. All told, 487 soldiers were tried for rapes committed in the months of March and April, 1945.(!)....By no means all the incidents were reported or, of those reported, brought to trial, and the conviction rate was relatively low."
"Reports of rape and robbery by U.S. troops piled up on the public safety officer’s desk.."
"The tension was greatest in areas where Negro troops were stationed, since they....frequently interpreted efforts to curb prostitution as another form of discrimination. In Kuenzelsau, Wuerttemberg, Negro soldiers of the 350th Field Artillery Battalion beat up the local jailer when he refused to release prostitutes being held for venereal disease treatment. Later the whole police in Kuenzelsau tried to resign after being threatened that they would be killed if they interfered with the prostitutes."
"Nearly all incidents involved liquor or women, often both. The population of vagrant women-which the Army inadvertently increased after November when it released penicillin for treating venereal diseases in German women, thereby shortening for some the "turn around time" from jail or hospital and attracting others who had been deterred by the fear of infection-was often at the root of soldier attacks on German officials and police....In one instance an American officer took an Austrian girl from Linz to Stuttgart, raped her three times, and then transported her to Ulm, where he turned her over to the military police on a charge of having improper papers."
"...the Negroes, believing they were not getting an equal share of the women, nursed grudges against both the Germans and the white Americans."
Take note that these are cases which have been confirmed by the Allied Occupation Authorities. Other reports may be offered to substantiate the above in greater detail:
"From the east came the Bolshevized Mongolian and Slavic hordes, repeatedly raping every captured woman and girl, contaminating them with venereal diseases and impregnating them with a future race of Russo-German bastards.
In the west the British used colonial troops, the French Sengalese and Moroccans, the Americans an excessively high percentage of Negroes. Our own method was not so direct as the Russian: ....we compelled women to yield their virtue in order to live-to get food to eat, beds to sleep in, soap to bathe with, roofs to shelter them."
The following was related by a catholic priest concerning a letter which was smuggled out of Breslau, Germany, September 3, 1945: "In unending succession were girls, women and nuns violated....Not merely in secret, in hidden corners, but in the sight of everybody, even in churches, in the streets and in public places were nuns, women and even eight year old girls attacked again and again. Mothers were violated before the eyes of their children; girls in the presence of their brothers; nuns in the sight of pupils, were outraged again and again to their very death even as corpses."
Making the world "safe for democracy", when our "Russian allies "liberated" Danzig they promptly liberated all the women of their virtue and chastity-by raping all-from small girls to ladies as much as 83 years of age....When women of the city pleaded for protection, a Russian officer told them to seek shelter in the Catholic Cathedral. After hundreds of women and girls were securely inside, the brave sons of mother Russia entered and "playing the organ and ringing the bells, kept up a foul orgy through the night, raping all the women, some more than 30 times."
According to Ralph Keeling, "The Russians were not alone in violating these principles. Police records of Stuttgart show that during the French occupation, 1,198 women were raped and eight men violated by French troops, mostly Moroccans."
According to the same source the average rate of venereal disease among Negro troops stationed in the American occupation zone in Germany was an amazing 771 per thousand! In attempting to explain this phenomenon to the American public, Lee Hills, foreign correspondent for the Chicago Daily news wrote:
"The other problem-and one so politically touchy that the war Department is afraid to remedy-is the heavy use of Negro American troops. The result, despite some superb Army leadership at the top, is that American prestige has dropped from its V-E Day peak. The top men in Germany, almost without exception, think it’s a mistake to have so many (42,000) Negro troops here.....They have a higher crime rate, a venereal disease rate several times that of the white soldier, and a worse record for mischief in general...Frankly, the worst problem comes from our colored troops going with white German girls. this stirs bitter hatred among German men. Many of our own soldiers feel almost as strongly about it."
There exists such a plethora of documentation regarding the mass rape of German women and children that I must refer the reader to these sources, which shall be included in a "recommended reading" section at the end of this article. Now that we have demonstrated how German women were treated by the allies, let us proceed to examine the treatment of children:
President Roosevelt again assumed the lead in directing allied policies in regard to the treatment of German civilians. His policy was reflected in a statement he uttered regarding the nourishment of the defeated. As Marie Antoinette once said of the French citizenry, "Let them eat cake", Roosevelt’s advice was "They should be fed three times a day with soup from Army soup kitchens."
As it turned out, the Germans were denied even this "luxury". According to the book "The U.S. Army in the Occupation of Germany", published by the Center of Military History, United States Army,...."military government did not provide relief for German refugees, at this stage not even for starving children."
So here we are confronted with a direct admission from a government source that starving German children were given no assistance whatsoever. Consequently we can only assume that they were left to starve. Often these children were orphaned. Their fathers were either deceased or else languishing in a POW camp. The mothers had either been raped and murdered or else victims of the appalling allied bombing offensive. If anything, allied policy was consistent. For instance, during the first few months of allied occupation in Berlin, typhus raged in the city, killing 65% of new-born babies. This particular strain of typhus was labeled by the Berliners as "hunger typhoid." Indeed, the death rate for infants rose to 660 per 1,000 in July! It is clear that allied policies and politicians were responsible for these outrages and crimes against humanity and against innocent children in particular. The allies didn’t "gas" them to death, which would have been more humane. They simply allowed them to starve to death.
According to Douglas Botting, author of "From the Ruins of the Reich", nineteen out of twenty babies died in the American Sector of Berlin in July 1945. According to the same source, in the British zone:
"The death rate of the very young and the very old reached a level not seen since the Thirty Years War nearly three hundred years before: in August, four thousand people died each day, compared with one hundred and fifty before the war...the dead had to be transported by wooden carts or hand stretchers, wrapped in rags or paper, as there were no coffins....there were still 53,000 orphans living like wild animals in holes in the ground, some of them one-eyed or one-legged veterans of seven or so, many so deranged by the bombing and the Russian attack that they screamed at the sight of any uniform, even a Salvation army one."
In view of the indescribable conditions noted above, the Americans charitably authorized the addition of a piece of meat or fish "one half the size of an egg"(!) when available. However, American servicemen were receiving over 4,000 calories a day during this same period.
Jews and Jewish DP’s received the next highest allotment: over 3,000 calories.
In the French zone conditions were even worse, if one can even imagine such a scenario. All over Germany, children were suffering from rickets and little bodies were covered with festering sores and boils, due to malnutrition, starvation, neglect and abuse. Often they had no shoes and went for days on end without a meal, while American soldiers carried out the orders of American Occupation authorities and dumped thousands of gallons of milk in the trash, rather than give it to the starving children. It was this incident more than any other which aroused the righteous anger and indignation of General George Patton, which resulted in the feud with Eisenhower, who relieved him of his post.
In Botting’s book, he quotes the statement of a British Officer named Christopher Leefe who at the time was serving with the Green Howards in Berlin. He relates the story of how a German youngster was apprehended stealing items from the officer’s barracks in order to buy food. Instead of having compassion on the boy, a Royal Major beat him repeatedly and unmercifully. The boy was approximately 10 years old, "thin as a bean pole, clothes hanging on him like sacks." The English bully struck this boy again and again screaming, "YOU FU**ING LITTLE KRAUT!"
What is most disturbing about this event is that not one person interceded on the boy’s behalf. What a particularly virulent hatred it is, to allow something so deplorable to occur without so much as a protest. Mr. Leefe was later quoted as saying:
"The point is that none of us could have cared a bit for that little boy. He was probably an orphan, his father dead on the Eastern Front, his mother rotting under the rubble of the bombed-out ruins, and here he was-starving and risking his life climbing up drainpipes in the middle of a British tank regiment. So what? We didn’t feel any compassion for him or any of the Germans. They had been public enemy number one. (!) So now we commandeered their horses, commandeered their Mercedes, commandeered their women. I would reckon that 60 or 70 percent of young Englishmen in Germany thought that way. Most of us were for having a bloody good time and believed we could get away with anything."
Aside from the infants who were left to die en masse, the conditions under which German youngsters were compelled to subsist were deplorable. If the allies were unconcerned about the fate of infants, German teen-agers and pre-adolescents fared no better-and often, their fates were worse than death. German boys who were inducted into the home army during the last days of the war received particularly brutal treatment at the hands of their captors. I have viewed many photos of such youngsters after they were taken captives and the condition they were in was unforgivable. Thin, pale, their faces bruised and bloodied, these unfortunate youngsters were often "escorted" by brutish looking military police twice their size. The book "Alliierte Kreigsverbrechen und Verbrechen Gegen die Menschlichkeit" (Allied War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity), re-published a photograph emanating from American newspapers entitled "Hitler Youth Walks the Last Mile." The photograph shows a youngster not any more than 13 or 14 years old being escorted by MP’s to a place of execution. The crime? "Suspicion" of spying. No trial, no evidence....simply shot to death for "suspicion" of spying. Why this youngster had to forfeit his life at the end of the war on such a flimsy pretext will be a mystery I will never be able to fathom. Yet I have already presented evidence of the brutal mistreatment a young boy of 10 suffered at the hands of the British, simply because he was starving.
American author Marguerite Higgins visited Germany during the time in question and later wrote of her experiences. In her book, "News in an singular thing" she described a visit to a GI "Interrogation Center" :
"The GI led us to the main door of the camp...Behind the bars of the cell we saw 3 uniformed Germans. Two of them, beaten and covered with blood, were lying unconscious on the floor. A third German was lifted up by the hair on his head, and I shall never forget, he had red hair like a carrot. A GI turned his body over and struck him in the face. When the victim groaned, the GI roared, "Shut your mouth, damned Kraut!" ....It turned out that for almost a quarter of an hour, the doubled rows of 20 to 30 GI’s stood aligned taking turns methodically beating the six captured Germans...It came out later that the worked-up GI’s had captured six young German boys, who had never even been members of the SS. The youngsters had only recently been inducted into a government work battalion. The boy with the red hair was 14 years old. The other 5 German boys in the cell blocks were between 14 and 17 years old."
Should anyone think that this was only an isolated case, then I will offer more evidence to prove that these beatings were endemic. These were not isolated occurrences. In fact, they were commonplace. Non-revisionist historians often take the position that such beatings never occurred, yet the evidence is overwhelming. And if this was the treatment meted out to the innocent-and to children in particular-it is only logical to assume that Nazis accused of heinous crimes were treated far worse.
The book "Vorsicht! Faelschung!" reproduces a photograph of 2 German youngsters taken after their "interrogation" by Allied investigators. The photo speaks for itself. The faces of the two youngsters are bruised, swollen, and bloody. In conclusion, the episodes recounted above for the benefit of the reader are only a small fraction among thousands of documented cases. The policy of the allies is clear. It was their intention to turn the entire German nation into one huge concentration camp. This policy was enforced throughout the breadth of the land. Germany’s youth were left to starve and languish. Thousands of youngsters, homeless and parentless, formed into "gangs" where they were forced to resort to crime simply in order to live. Young children of both sexes were compelled to resort to prostitution in order to buy a tidbit of food. The allies took no responsibility for the horrors and suffering they imposed upon another nation, nor have they ever apologized. In fact, when youngsters confessed to crimes without any coercion, the Americans seemed quite disappointed, as is evidenced by the following remark:
"The amusing thing about these youths and the Nazis we subsequently questioned was their complete willingness to betray one another once they were convinced that a friend had tattled, and it required very little "persuasion" to convince them that they had been betrayed. To the disappointment of some of our men, it was quite unnecessary to become physical in the interrogation."
TOTALS OF DEATHS
Expellees (1945-50) 2,100,000 6,000,000
Prisoners (1941-50) 1,500,000 2,000,000
Residents (1946-50) 5,700,000 5,700,000
Totals 9,300,000 13,700,000
"Expellees" refers to the 16,000,000 ethnic Germans who were driven from their ancestral homelands in Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and elsewhere in Europe, at war's end.
These included mostly women and children and elderly men who, with a few belongings in hand and running the gauntlet of deep, local animosity, set out upon the open road toward the rump state of Germany.
"Prisoners" are, of course, the German POWs
"Residents" here refers to the German civilian population that survived the Second World War.
In February, 2006, the remains of around 4,000 German soldiers were discovered in a disused factory building in the Czech town of Ústì-nad-Labem. (Aussig an der Elbe). The remains were found piled high in numbered cardboard boxes which had been stored in the building for over sixty years. These Wehrmacht soldiers had fought and died on Czech soil during World War II but were never given a dignified burial. A cemetery in the northern town of Hlucin was chosen as their final resting place, the local council agreeing to purchase land to extend the cemetery.
ORDINARY GERMANS PERSECUTED
The merciless revenge perpetrated on the entire German civilian population of Eastern Europe during the closing stages of the war, and for many months after, took the lives of over 2,100,000 ethnic German men, women and children. For generations these Germans had lived and toiled in areas that today are part of central and Eastern Europe. Around fifteen million of these Volksdeutsche were driven from their homes and ancestral lands in Poland, East Prussia, Silesia, Ukraine, Belarus and Serbia and forced back into the Allied occupied zones of Germany. This was the greatest forcible evacuation of people in European history. It is estimated that of the eight million Germans expelled from Poland around 1,600,000 died in the process.
In Czechoslovakia, memories of the Lidice massacre inspired acts of revenge against German soldiers and civilians. Soldiers were disarmed, tied to stakes, doused with petrol and set alight. Wounded German soldiers in hospital were shot in their beds, others were hung up on lamposts in Wenzell Square and fires were lit beneath them so that they died the gruesome death of being roasted alive. These ethnic Germans lived in fear of the Russians but no one thought that the dreadful fate which awaited them would not even emanate from the Soviets at all but from their own neighbours, the Czechs! Thousands of innocent German residents were murdered in their homes by the Czechs, others were forced into interment camps where they were beaten and maltreated before being expelled.
Bishop Beranek of Prague declared: 'If a Czech comes to me and confesses to having killed a German, I absolve him immediately'. The Americans, utterly blind to the political consequences of allowing the Soviets to liberate Czechoslovakia, halted at the Karlsbad-Pilsen-Budweis line. The Sudeten Germans now had no protection from the torrent of bestiality vented on them by the Czechs. In Brno, 25,000 German civilians were forced marched at gun-point to the Austrian border. There, the Austrian guards refused them entry, the Czech guards refused to re-admit them. Herded into an open field they died by the hundreds from hunger and cold before being rescued by the US 16th Tank Division on May 8th 1945.
In the Russian occupied zones of Eastern Europe and in Germany, hundreds of thousands of civilian men and women, Poles, Czechs, Romanians and Germans, were transported to the Urals in the Soviet Union and used as slave labourers until released in the late 40s. Mostly ignored by the world's press, the unimaginable suffering experienced by the expellees is largely unknown outside Germany, yet it was systematically carried out in a brutal fashion as official Allied policy in accordance with the decisions formulated at Yalta and Potsdam.
Churchill said to the Germans in January, 1945, "We Allies are no monsters. This, at least, I can say, on behalf of the United Nations, to Germany. ...Peace, though based on unconditional surrender, will bring to Germany and Japan immense and immediate alleviation of suffering and agony."
Those Allies who were "no monsters" literally raped more European women than had ever before been raped in the history of the world. They put Germany on a starvation-level diet. Under direct orders from Dwight Eisenhower, they killed more than a million German POWs. They looted 12 million people of their homes, goods, food, and even clothes and drove them from their homelands. They took one-fourth of their farmland, they took their ships and their factories and their farm implements and then told them to live by farming. They abused and starved to death more German babies than there ever were Jews in Germany. They raped and debauched hundreds of thousands of German, Austrian, and Hungarian girls and women from eight to eighty. They brought to their death five times as many Germans in one year of peace as died during five years of war. Yes, yes, of course, these men of the United Nations, these men of the New World Order are no monsters.
(A German Video)
Der Jahrhundertkrieg: Der Sturm (The War of the Century: The Perfect Storm)